What’s All the Hype?
You’re standing in line at the bar, it’s your turn to order and the barman is hurrying you along to get to the many inpatient drunk patrons waiting behind you. You’re confronted with 25 beer taps of which only four are ones you recognise.
What do you do?
Don’t you wish you had some sort of craft beer guide to help you out of such a precarious situation?
The above is a scenario that’s sadly, all too common these days in Australia as an apparent smug, snobbiness around beer is quickly becoming the status quo. The 2017 Perth Craft Beer Festival held last week at Claremont Showgrounds was an overwhelming success with thousands of would-be, self-proclaimed beer snobs gallivanting around, slurping amber elixirs and debating when the perfect moment to add a beer’s hops might be. Now in its third year, the recent beer-fest saw record levels of patrons at nearly three times the amount of last year’s visitors, highlighting the local demand and popularity of this growing fad.
Provided you haven’t been living under a rock over the past half a decade, you are sure to have experienced the hype surrounding Australia’s most contemporary drinking craze. Brought about by a group of thick-moustached and heavily tattooed individuals primarily concerned with making sure no one else was holding the same beer bottle as they were, comes the craft beer aficionado -the only slightly less wankey and trendier dressed, younger brother of the wine connoisseur. Many Australians now expect a more exotic and exclusive range of international and local brews to be found in their nearby bars, pubs, restaurants and liquor stores across the country, replacing quintessential tap staples like Carlton Draught and Victoria Bitter which we are all used to.
To solve this dilemma, Liquor Barons has compiled our very own three part Craft Beer Guide to help unpack the trend and provide our customers some insight and piece of mind for the next time they’re facing this type of craft-draught gauntlet up at the bar.
In PART 1 of this Craft Beer Guide we will be breaking down the wide variety of different beer styles from around the world.
PART 2 of the Craft Beer Guide will examine what ingredients go into the making of the perfect brew.
To conclude our Craft Beer Guide mini-series, PART 3 will break down the beer brewing process so you’re not the one asking why that beer smells like grapefruit and if there's really any in there.
Before we begin looking into the process of beer making in this Craft Beer Guide, we first need to understand different beer styles. There is an incredibly large number of beer styles enjoyed throughout the world in a multitude of ways which can appear daunting to the casual drinker. It’s safe to say all the beer you have ever tasted were either styles of ale or lager. The difference between these two styles can be easily compared to understanding how different types of grape varieties and wines fall within two categories of colour.
A pint of ale has been something to relish and enjoy since medieval times but was also a major source of nutrition and hydration, consumed by all ages nowhere more so than Germany as early as 800BCE. With only slight traces of alcohol to preserve the liquid from expiring, ale was often safer to drink than most sourced water. Unlike its less alcoholic ancestral origins, modern Ale can be anywhere from 5 to 15% alcohol. Ale is the most common beer type in the craft kingdom with most craft beers falling under a sub-category of ale variety due to the incredibly bold flavours which the brewing process can produce. Ales are hugely popular across the world as different styles and ways to enjoy this type of beer have developed in a number of unique ways. Ales are brewed by through fermentation in a warmer tank for shorter periods of time where ale yeasts fond of higher temperatures begin producing carbonation and alcohol from the sugars at the top of the tank. This process can often produce a more fruity flavour and scent profile while the length of time malted barley is roasted for will largely determine the colouring and strength of flavour.
Stay tuned for PART 2 of our Craft Beer Guide to learn more about the ingredients and brewing process.
The most preferred style of craft beer consumed by Australian enthusiasts, pale ales are brewed predominantly using pale barley malts which are now the cheapest variety due to the high frequency of its use. The style gives this beer its light golden colouring. Pale ale’s name and uniquely light colouring was originally caused due to the substitution of coke (a processed form of coal) used for roasting the barley which produced a far less scorched barely and a paler beer than the traditional dark roasting wood kilns. Pale ales are a very understated, elegant and can be consumed in large quantities without much difficulty. Pair US pale ales with grilled and barbequed meats and British pale ale with spicy Asian cuisine.
Our favourite: 4 Pines Pale Ale
Amber ales originated in America and the term was originally a broad label describing most beers that were neither pale ales or dark beers, but amber ale adapted into a unique style of its own. Amber Ales are also found in Australia, France and in the UK. This style’s name relates to a pale ale mix with added amber or crystal malts to produce a darker amber coloured ale. In Australia the most popular amber variety comes from Malt Shovel Brewery and was branded James Squire in honour of Australia's first brewer, who first brewed beer in Sydney in 1794. While not quite being a pale, and not quite a dark ale, amber ale has a more pronounced caramel toffee flavour caused by adding additional malts to the mix. Amber ales match well with harder, nutty flavoured cheeses or gamey meats. For a truly Aussie amber ale experience, A Rogers with some Kangaroo snaggers is a perfect option on a warm summer evening.
Our favourite: Little Creatures: Rogers
India Pale Ale (IPA)
This international style of ale came about during the 18th century when a British pale ale was being exported to India. The characteristics of the beer benefited favourably during the long voyage after excess hops and additional alcohol were added as a natural preservative so the beer would keep. Modern IPAs have a strong, hoppy and bitter taste and contain higher levels of hops which work to give this style of beer more of a citrus and floral flavour profile. These characteristics appear to make IPAs incredibly refreshing in hotter climates like India or here in Australia where this style’s prominence is on the rise. An India pale ale goes well with creamy, soft cheeses or with very spicy Indian food.
Our favourite: Schlafly Grapefruit IPA
Far enough back in the origins story of beer, all varieties were a dark brown hue caused from drying barley over wood flames and the scorching which occurs. With the sudden introduction of lighter coloured pale ale malts and the use of coke coal rather than wood to roast barley during the 18th century came the sudden requirement to differentiate beers by their colouring. Darker ales were still more popular and considered a working class alternative to the new paler ales being consumed by British high society as a form of status symbol. Modern day brown ales are all about the rich, nutty, caramel flavours created by adding a variety of darker specialty malts. US style brown ales are the most predominant style here in Australia with most local breweries opting to produce a beer in this style. Pairs excellently with seasonal vegetables including winter squash, pumpkin, carrots and other earthy root vegetables.
Our favourite: Cigar City Brewing Maduro Oatmeal Brown Ale
Porters & Stouts
Porters and stouts have been a proud British beer staple dating back as far as 1677 when pubs began to offer hardworking local porters a custom blend of ales which proved fortifying, hardy and affordable with the trend catching on quickly around the UK. To be enjoyed with some fresh oysters. The term ‘stout’ refers to stronger porter blends after originally being marketed under labels such as “Extra Porter”, “Double Porter” or “Stout Porter” before being shortened to simply “Stout”. Favoured for its seductively creamy head, and the perfect balance between bitterness and sweet hints of coffee on the nose and palate, Guinness has become synonymous with this style of beer after its popularity soared in first Ireland and the UK, and then the rest of the world. Stouts make an excellent accompaniment for rich, savoury or dessert dishes. Match with a dark chocolate mousse for an unusual yet unforgettable sensory experience.
Our favourite: Olvisholt Brugghus Lava Smoked Imperial Stout
Beer can also be brewed by substituting barley with wheat which was a common brewing technique dating as far back as the origins of beer itself. The higher protein content of wheat beer or ‘hefeweizens’ in German gives this ale style a light and cloudy appearance with a thick and long lasting head. With little to no hops required, wheat ales don’t require any maturation unlike lagers and can be consumed straight after brewing. Wheat beers are typically light coloured and taste of citrus leaving a mild tartness on the palate. Also commonly known as ‘white beer’, wheat ale matches incredibly with seafood, pizza or Mexican dishes.
Our favourite: Gneiss Weiss
Made famous by many Belgian labels, sour beers are brewed to intentionally hold a tart, sour or mildly acidic taste. This sour characteristic comes from wild yeasts and bacteria making its way into the mixture often during barrel storage or open air cooling rather than the sterile environment favoured in modern brewing techniques. Fruit can also be added during the aging process to cause secondary fermentation or contribute additional microbes from a fruit’s skin. To explore the full spectrum of sour styles available, check out this amazing resource from Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine; https://beerandbrewing.com/the-sour-beer-spectrum/.
Our favourite: Tropic Thunder Sour Fruit Ale
The majority of modern, commercially available beers from across the world are pilsners and lagers. This style of beer is brewed using a similar process as with ale but using a chilled temperature tank for longer periods of time with a specialty lager yeast that prefers cold temperatures fermented in the bottom of the tank. This process is believed to have originated around the 15th century as Lager was originally a term used to describe all cool conditioned and bottom fermented beers adapted from the German word ‘lagerbier’. The term now typically describes beers brewed in a southern German style which covers pale styles such as pilsner to the darker varieties like dunkel.
Pale Lagers (Pilsner)
The pilsner style resulted after techniques developed making pale ales in Britain were brought to Germany and adapted for lager in the 19th century. Although today, the terms pilsner and lager are often interchangeable, pilsners or pale lagers typically tend to be more hoppy scented and carry a dryer finish. Pilsners’ sharp taste cuts well through sushi and seafood which are accompanied by soy sauce and wasabi.
Our favourite: Reality Czeck
German for ‘light coloured’, helles are a Bavarian style of lager made famous in Munich brewed in a similar fashion to other pilsner varieties but with less hops, resulting in a less flavourful, less sweet very pale coloured lager enjoyed for its easy-to-drink, crisp profile. Enjoy with a fat bratwurst sausage and some mustard.
Our favourite: Helles Belles
Dunkel meaning 'dark' in German, is a style of darker lager commonly enjoyed in Bavaria for its strong malty taste. Produced by Munich malts which give the beer its dark colouring. Dunkel beers colouring can range anywhere from dark amber to darker brown, they have a chocolatey, liquorice flavour and are slightly weaker alcoholic content than doppelbock beers. Schwarzbiers are a darker still lager with an almost black colouring and even stronger flavour profile.
Our favourite: Budejovicky Budvar Dark Lager
Traditionally doppelbock was high in alcohol content and very sweet and served as a form of “liquid bread” for the monks who would brew it during fasting in Munich. Today, the term describes a stronger style of lager at around 7-12%. It is lager’s equivalent of a stout. Wash down some roast pork with a tall glass of sweet doppelbock.
Our favourite: Sled Dog Trippel Bock
The popularity of pale lagers travelled along with a lot of German settlers into North America during the mid 19th century. It is the most popular style of beer in the US and Canada today with major brands we recognise including Budweiser, Miller, and Coors all utilising this style. American lagers are an excellent way to wash the palate due to their light, clean, crisp and blander taste. They are a perfect beer to pair with anything you like!
Our favourite: Jack’s Abby Leisure Time Lager
All in all, there is an endless number of different ways to enjoy beer, each with a rich and unique tradition and taste. That concludes PART 1 of Liquor Barons’ Craft Beer Guide.
Stay tuned for PART 2 and next week’s edition where we will be exploring the ingredients of beer and each stage of the brewing process.